Modi and Mamta's credentials at stake in West Bengal: Elections 2019


Modi and Mamta's credentials at stake in West Bengal: Elections 2019

In the fifth round of West Bengal, the seven seats that are being held on Monday, all the seats last time Trinamool Congress won.

These include two seats in Howrah district, three from Hooghly district and two seats in North 24-Parganas district adjacent to Bangladesh.

The BJP expects that especially in areas adjacent to Bangladesh, citizenship (Amendment) Bill and National Register of Sentences (NRC) will issue issues like victory over its head.

From Prime Minister Narendra Modi to BJP President Amit Shah, he has been emphasizing these two issues in his rallies. On the other hand, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has also given her full strength to these seats.

In this round, in the North 24-Parganas district, the bengaon seat is the most important seat from the Bangladesh border.

The votes of Matua community on this seat are crucial. Last time, his candidate Kapil Krishna Thakur had won.

Earlier this year, in 2009, the seat was taken by Trinamool. But during the last five years, the BJP has tried to break the vote bank of this constituency.

Under this, Prime Minister Narendra Modi also met Veena Pani Devi, who was called the mother of the Matua community in February last year and took blessings from him. But after the death of Veena Pani Devi in ​​recent times, differences in the community are being seen.

The results of this seat will show how successful the BJP got in making the entry into the Matua community.

Trinamool Congress has fielded Mamta Thakur as its candidate this time and BJP has fielded Shantanu Thakur in the field. In the relationship, they are both aunts and nephews.

Barrackpore seat

Barakpur seat of this district is also important. Trinamool Congress's Dinesh Trivedi is in the fray for winning the hat-trick of victory.

BJP has fielded former Trinamool Congress MLA Arjun Singh against him here.

This Hindi-speaking region has been famous for jute mills in any given period. In the locality of Hooghly, the condition of Hindi-speaking people is also bad as jute mills are now.

In 2009, BJP got only 3.56 per cent votes, which increased to 21.92 per cent in 2014. This figure is the BJP's lead stinging.

Howrah is also important

 

BJP is also dreaming of winning on Kolkata Howrah parliamentary seat.

Footballer Prasoon Chatterjee won the first by-election here and then in the 2014 elections. Prasun is in the fray for the third time.

BJP has appointed senior journalist Ratindeve Sengupta as its candidate while Sumitra Officer and Shubra Ghosh are from the Congress and CPM side respectively.

While Prasun is making claims of victory of hat-trick, Ratindeva claims that people have made a mood for change.

Uluberia, the second seat in Howrah district, is the CPI (M) stronghold. But since the year 2009, the Trinamul Congress has been occupying it.

In 2009 and 2014, Sultan Ahmed of Trinamul Congress won this seat. But in the bypoll due to his demise last year, the party had given ticket to Sultan's wife Sajeda Ahmed and they won with a margin of 4.74 lakh votes depending on sympathy wave.

Last time, BJP candidate Anupam Mallik was second with 23.29 per cent votes.

This time the party has brought actor Jai Banerjee to the ground. Sajeda Ahmed is trying to kill Kismet by Trinamool Congress

The CPM has given ticket to Abki Maqsood.

Shrirampur seat

In Shrirampur seat of Hooghly district, BJP had introduced the famous singer Bappi Lahiri in the year 2014.

He had lost the election but with 22.29 per cent or 2.87 lakh votes, surely the ray of hope for the future in the BJP was born.

The party has brought the Devyat government to the ground. Kalyan Chatterjee, who won this seat twice from Trinamool, is in the same ground. He defeated CPM's Tirthankar Rai by a margin of 1.52 lakh votes in 2014.

Congress's Debabrata Biswas and CPM candidate Tirthankar Rai are busy making chances for the match.

Hughli seat

In the Hooghly parliamentary constituency, BJP has fielded former Actress Locket Chatterjee. Ratna De Nag from Trinamool, who won here two consecutive times, is also in the fray this time too.

CPM has made Pradip Saha and Congress its candidate for Prabhul Chandra Saha.

Senior BJP leader Chandan Mitra contested this election in the year 2014 from BJP. But they were at number three

Locket Chatterjee has worked hard to stop Ratna's hat-trick this time.

Arambagh Seat
Hugali district's Arambagh parliamentary seat has the highest winning margin.

Apart from this, the ruling party's candidate in the state has always been winning. By the year 2009, CPM was winning here. After that, the Trinamool Congress candidate won the 2014 election here.

This time Trinamool's Apupapa Poddar is once again in the fray in this seat. BJP has given ticket to Tapan Roy here.

Keeping in view the violence in the third and fourth round, security arrangements have been strengthened for this period.

The Election Commission has deployed central forces at every polling station this time. In total, about five and a half hundred companies have been deployed for the central forces.




How we are whipping democracy


How we are whipping democracy

French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau laid the foundations of modern democracy. He said that persons elected by the people had a right to rule over the people as long as they worked in the interests of the people and not their own. This idea was translated into British democracy.

The people elected the people after every certain number of years. They threw out those who did not work in the interests of the people. Thus it was ensured that the elected Members of Parliament (MPs) worked in the interests of the people.

The proper working of the Parliament required that the MPs attended the sessions. The system of “whip” was evolved for this purpose. A MP was designated as Whip by each of the major parties. It was the job of the Whip to connect with the MPs of his or her party and ensure that they attended the sessions when important matters were being discussed or voted upon. The term “whip” was taken from the game of hunting.

The hunters used whips to keep the hunting dogs together. In the same way the Whips keep the MPs together during the important sessions. The same practice has been adopted by the United States of America where a Whip keeps the Congressmen together.

The job of the Whip is to bring the MPs to the Parliament. The Whip has no right to order the MP on what he or she may say in the session or how he or she may vote. A MP is free to vote according to his or her free will. For example, the ruling Conservative Party in England brought a Bill before the British Parliament to implement the exit of England from the European Union which is known as Brexit.

The Conservative Party has majority in the British Parliament. However, many Conservative MPs voted against the Bill brought by their own party and the Bill was rejected. Similarly a number of Republican Congressmen voted against the proposal brought by their party to whittle down the healthcare system put in place by President Obama.

The main point here is that the role of the Whip is restricted to ensuring presence of the MPs and the Whip has no power to direct the MPs to vote in a particular way. The MPs are free to vote according to their understanding of the interests of the people. Hence the system largely conforms to the ideal suggested by Rousseau.

Enter India. In the 1980s, we had a period of intense instability. Legislators were changing parties like dresses—from morning to afternoon and again in the evening. This made it impossible to make a stable government. Our Parliament then enacted Constitution 52nd Amendment in 1985.

It provided that the MPs and MLAs would be disqualified if they voted against the direction of the Party. This provision extended to all directions given by the Party on any Bill before the session. In doing so, the discretion of the legislators in voting for or against a Bill was removed. The legislators merely became peons who compulsorily had to cast their vote as per the directions of the Party.

The basic principle enunciated by Rousseau that “persons elected by the people had a right to rule over the people as long as they worked in the interests of the people” stood negated. The persons elected by the people now had a right to rule over the people despite them working in the interests of their Party and possibly against the interests of the people.

Thus we have seen that MPs have silently stood by while anti-people measures like loosening of entry of FDI into retail and making of hydropower projects on the rivers are passed by the Parliament. The word “democracy” has its origins in Greek demos or “the people.” The “people” have been replaced by the “party” after the 52nd Amendment. As a result we have today a system of “partycracy” rather than “democracy.”

It must be mentioned that there are two exceptions to the whip in the Indian law. A MP or MLA is free to vote for the President as per his own views. The whip does not apply here. Since this vote is cast in secret, therefore, it is truly democratic.

A MP or MLA is also free to vote for electing the members of the Rajya Sabha as per his or her own views. A MLA cannot be disqualified if he or she votes against the official candidate of the Party for the Rajya Sabha. However, unlike the vote for the President, the vote for Rajya Sabha is cast in the open. Thus, the Party Bosses know whether a MP or MLA has voted for or against the official candidate.

This brings forth retribution in the denial of ticket in the next election. Democracy in England and the United States has evolved beyond this. Candidates who defy the Party are nevertheless nominated as their candidates in the next election. One reason is that the candidates are selected by in-party elections by members known as “Primaries.”

Thus a candidate can vote against the official line of the Party and yet be re-elected on the Party ticket if the voters of his party back him up. It is clear that the present elections are a sham. We are electing not persons who will work in our interests but persons who work as per dictates of their Party. We have been rendered impotent.

The way forward requires two changes. One, the Whip should be restricted to a no-confidence motion. It makes sense to force a MP or MLA to vote for the continuation of the Government on the ticket of which he or she has been elected. However, the Whip should be barred from giving directions about voting in a particular manner on a particular Bill. The result will be that a Government will be stable but will not be able to implement anti-people policies.

Two, we must institute a system of “primaries” in our system. Each Party must be required to hold voting among its members to choose the candidate for an election. That will ensure that parachute candidates will be prevented. Our democracy is being whipped into death. This must be prevented.

Bharat Jhunjhunwala is former professor of Economics at IIM Bangalore.

FPJ.




Chhattisgarh : "He who has health has hope and he who has hope has everything"


Chhattisgarh :

Raipur : Vatsala Foundation came forward to mean these  phrase. It is a philanthropic women's group of bemetara dist. in chhattisgarh, who It was founded by former collectors, ms Rita Shandilys in 2016 having 11 house mother as its members. Having a motive to eradicate Malnutrition and giving a strong intellectual foundation to unprivileged, especially promoting girl child education. Since that very moment vatsala members, Mrs.  jyoti Singhania with her companions had immersed themselves in burning requirements by giving their full dedication, and attention to aanganwadi kids.

Initially they faced many criticism and hurdles in this path, as most of them belong to elite family campus who had never before exposed to outer society. But their consistent effort, unconditional love for children compelled masses to except their timeless efforts towards society.

Now vatsala benefitting over 650 aanganwadi kids in more than 44 centres including malnourished children, every year nutritional kits distributed to all required kids and fundamental amenities are also given to all aanganwadi centres. at the same time giving attention to Nrc ward children govt. hospital by providing prescribed nutritional suppliments, fruits and instructing respective mothers for child care and good parenting for malnourished.

Doubtless, education is the most powerful catalyst for social transformation. But child education cannot be done in isolation. A child will go to school only if the family, particularly the mother is assured of healthcare and empowered. In this series vatsala's Mission Education is a deep rooted start up which is committed to motivate basic education and healthcare to underprivileged children. Vatsala believes that whether you are addressing healthcare, poverty, unemployment or human rights, there's no better place to start than in the corridors of education.

Vatsala put their real words to us that as all members are non earning only carry on this mission so far with their personal savings but it faces difficulty in finding sufficient and continuous funding for their work.

Lack of funding hinders their of working, Mrs Jyoti Singhania (prime founder member) said despite lack of funding and infrastructures, they were determined to reach their objectives, that all children - whoever they are wherever they are have the right to a healthy happy and fulfilling life. She had the view that "every suffering child needs a hand stretched out to him for help"

From a small group of mothers Vatsala has come a long wayof more than 4 years. It is now with its 20 women power widely recognized and respected as the voice of the most marginalised children across the rurals of bemetara. This is because it has been relentless in ints pursuit to give children a childhood to cherish and a future to look forward to. Vatsala work with the vision to build a world in which every child attains the right to survival health and education.

Now Vatsala invoked masses to Donate children for health and education to help unprivileged and provide nourishment to children. To sponsor a child can potentially play a vital role in the country's development as educated children are the key to a bright future. As you sponsor a charity, it shall help children of India as you will go a long way in providing educational and health opportunities for children as well as sponsor a girl child, who would otherwise be left behind."He who has health has hope and he who has hope has everything"

Vatsala Foundation came forward to mean these  phrase. It is a philanthropic women's group of bemetara dist. in chhattisgarh, who It was founded by former collectors, ms Rita Shandilys in 2016 having 11 house mother as its members. Having a motive to eradicate Malnutrition and giving a strong intellectual foundation to unprivileged, especially promoting girl child education. Since that very moment vatsala members, Mrs.  jyoti Singhania with her companions had immersed themselves in burning requirements by giving their full dedication, and attention to aanganwadi kids.

Initially they faced many criticism and hurdles in this path, as most of them belong to elite family campus who had never before exposed to outer society. But their consistent effort, unconditional love for children compelled masses to except their timeless efforts towards society.

Now vatsala benefitting over 650 aanganwadi kids in more than 44 centres including malnourished children, every year nutritional kits distributed to all required kids and fundamental amenities are also given to all aanganwadi centres. at the same time giving attention to Nrc ward children govt. hospital by providing prescribed nutritional suppliments, fruits and instructing respective mothers for child care and good parenting for malnourished.

Doubtless, education is the most powerful catalyst for social transformation. But child education cannot be done in isolation. A child will go to school only if the family, particularly the mother is assured of healthcare and empowered. In this series vatsala's Mission Education is a deep rooted start up which is committed to motivate basic education and healthcare to underprivileged children. Vatsala believes that whether you are addressing healthcare, poverty, unemployment or human rights, there's no better place to start than in the corridors of education.

Vatsala put their real words to us that as all members are non earning only carry on this mission so far with their personal savings but it faces difficulty in finding sufficient and continuous funding for their work.

 

Lack of funding hinders their of working, Mrs Jyoti Singhania (prime founder member) said despite lack of funding and infrastructures, they were determined to reach their objectives, that all children - whoever they are wherever they are have the right to a healthy happy and fulfilling life. She had the view that "every suffering child needs a hand stretched out to him for help"

From a small group of mothers Vatsala has come a long wayof more than 4 years. It is now with its 20 women power widely recognized and respected as the voice of the most marginalised children across the rurals of bemetara. This is because it has been relentless in ints pursuit to give children a childhood to cherish and a future to look forward to. Vatsala work with the vision to build a world in which every child attains the right to survival health and education.

 

Now Vatsala invoked masses to Donate children for health and education to help unprivileged and provide nourishment to children. To sponsor a child can potentially play a vital role in the country's development as educated children are the key to a bright future. As you sponsor a charity, it shall help children of India as you will go a long way in providing educational and health opportunities for children as well as sponsor a girl child, who would otherwise be left behind.




Thailand king marries bodyguard ahead of coronation


Thailand king marries bodyguard ahead of coronation

Thailand's King Maha Vajiralongkorn has married the deputy head of his personal guard force and gave her the title of queen just days before his official coronation.

The surprise announcement was carried in the Royal Gazette and footage from Wednesday's wedding ceremony was shown on the nightly Royal News segment aired on all Thai television channels. Thai television, which broadcast the royal order on Wednesday evening, showed a video of Queen Suthida prostrating herself before the king, to whom she, according to the announcer, presented a tray of flowers and joss sticks, and in return was bestowed traditional gifts associated with royal power.

Vajiralongkorn, 66, also known by the title King Rama X, became constitutional monarch after the death of his revered father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, in October 2016, after 70 years on the throne. He is due to be officially crowned in elaborate Buddhist and Brahmin ceremonies on Saturday, followed by a procession through Bangkok the next day.

In 2014, Vajiralongkorn appointed Suthida Tidjai, a former flight attendant for Thai Airways, as a deputy commander of his bodyguard unit. Some royal observers and foreign media had linked Suthida romantically with the king, but the palace had previously never acknowledged a relationship between them. The king made Suthida a full general in the Royal Thai Army in December 2016, and the deputy commander of the king's personal guard in 2017. He also made her a Thanpuying, a royal title meaning Lady.

Among the dignitaries at the wedding were Prayuth Chan-ocha, the leader of the military government that has run Thailand since a 2014 army coup, as well as other members of the royal family and palace advisers, the wedding footage showed. Vajiralongkorn has had three previous marriages and divorced his previous wife, with whom he has a son, in 2014.

Source : News Agency




Cyclone Fani ‘very likely’ to turn into severe storm


Cyclone Fani ‘very likely’ to turn into severe storm

The NDRF and the Indian Coast Guard have been put on high alert and fishermen asked not to venture into the sea, the Home Ministry said Monday. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), its landfall over Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh is ruled out. However, the possibility of landfall in Odisha is under continuous watch. On Monday morning, it was located at 880 km of South-East of Chennai and it will continue to move North-West and change its path to North-East from Wednesday.

The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and the Indian Coast Guard have been put on high alert and placed at the disposal of the state governments concerned. Regular warnings have been issued since April 25 to fishermen not to venture into the sea and asking those at sea to return to coast, it said.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is closely monitoring the situation and has directed Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha to convene a meeting of the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) to take stock of the situation with the state governments and the central ministries and agencies concerned to ensure necessary preparations to deal with the situation.

The IMD has been issuing three hourly bulletins with latest forecast to all the states concerned and the home ministry is also in continuous touch with the state governments and the central agencies concerned, the statement said.




Gautam Gambhir, Sunny Deol – 6 Indian celebs inspired by PM Modi, joined BJP in 2019


Gautam Gambhir, Sunny Deol – 6 Indian celebs inspired by PM Modi, joined BJP in 2019

Celebrities have taken an active political and social stand in 2019 right before the elections. We have seen singers, actors and artists not just urging people to vote and exercise their right but they have also chosen their sides by endorsing certain parties.

Recently many Indian celebrities who have been inspired by our PM Minister Narendra Modi joined the Bharatiya Janata Party. Here are the 6 new contestants to partake in 2019 elections.

Sunny Deol who is gearing up for the release of ‘Blank’ recently joined the Bharatiya Janata Party. The actor announced the news in presence of Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Railway Minister Piyush Goyal, days after he met BJP president Amit Shah at Pune airport.

“The way my father (film star Dharmendra) was attached with Atalji, today I have come to join Modiji. Whatever I can do for this family (BJP), I will do it… I won’t talk, I will show you through my work,” Deol said while addressing the media.

BJP also fielded former cricketer Gautam Gambhir from the East Delhi constituency. Gambhir replaced Maheish Girri as the party’s candidate and will take on Arvinder Singh Lovely of Congress and Atishi of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP). East Delhi MP Maheish Girri wished him luck for the contest, and said he will join Gambhir in his nomination rally.

Celebrity hairstylist Jawed Habib, on April 23rd, joined the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) in New Delhi, stating that he had now been promoted to the post of ‘chowkidar’ of the nation. “Aaj tak main bus baalon ka chowkidaar tha, aaj main desh ka ho gya hoon (Till today I was just chowkidar for hair, now I have become the chowkidar of the nation),” Jawed said talking to reporters.

Bollywood actress Isha Koppikar joined BJP in Jan 2019, she has been given the charge of Women Transport Wing as its working president. Koppikar’s appointment comes a day after a BJP leader Kailash Vijayvargiya took a jibe at Congress saying, “They want to contest the coming elections by banking on chocolatey faces.”

Veteran actor Moushumi Chatterjee joined the BJP here in Jan 2019. The 70-year-old actor joined the party in the presence of senior leaders including BJP General Secretary Kailash Vijayvargiya, who is also in-charge for West Bengal. The actress had fought the 2004 Lok Sabha on the Congress ticket from Kolkata north-east seat, but lost.

Hansraj Hans who left Congress party and joined BJP in 2016. He was named one of the seven BJP candidates for Delhi in April 2019. The sufi singer has replaced Udit Raj, for North West Delhi. Earlier he unsuccessfully contested the 2009 Lok Sabha polls from Jalandhar on a Shiromani Akali Dal ticket.




Raj Thackeray's party is not in the electoral fray, yet the meetings are concerned, the worried BJP, the Election Commission in dilemma


Raj Thackeray's party is not in the electoral fray, yet the meetings are concerned, the worried BJP, the Election Commission in dilemma

Akash Bhatt https://khulasapost.in/index.php

In the Lok Sabha elections in 2019, you will have often read the matter of violation of the code of conduct by leaders in the news, due to violation of the code of conduct, the Election Commission has organized a few days' campaign on Azam Khan, Mayawati, Yogi Adityanath and Maneka Gandhi. But in Maharashtra, there has been a major dilemma in front of the Election Commission, in fact, Raj Thackeray's party MNS (Maharashtra Navnir) The army has not come out in the electoral fray but Raj Thackeray is holding meetings between the people and is criticizing the plans of the Modi government and not only Raj Thackeray is presenting the figures of the government's schemes in the assembly. Clearly, this seems to be worried by the BJP in Maharashtra.

According to BBC News, Raj Thackeray started attacking the Modi government in a unique rally organized on the occasion of Gudi Padwa. They started showing videos of the BJP government advertisements.

After showing the video, they put a sting operation done by the party (Maharashtra Navnirman Sena) in front of the people. He says that in some advertisements of BJP, Harisal village of Amravati district is being described as a digital village, but the circumstances in the 'sting operation' done by his party are different.

Not only this, in the Solapur rally Raj Thackeray called the man who has been shown in advertisements of Harisal village. In the advertisement, the youth of this village has been described as the beneficiary of the government scheme, but Thackeray says that in fact he has left the village in search of employment. After which the BJP came on backfoot and State Education Minister Vinod Tawde said that all the technical problems of Harsil village will be solved.

Raj Thackeray is criticizing the plans of the Modi government in his meetings but he is not demanding votes for any candidate and this is the biggest tension for BJP. According to "The Quint Hindi", BJP has said at this meeting of Raj Thackeray that the EC will have to take a quick decision on this issue, otherwise the practice of the new kind will start. Many people can take advantage of this method in the upcoming elections Are. They will not contest elections but will campaign in opposition through the big gathering.

Also, BJP has written a letter to the Election Commission demanding that the expenses of Raj Thackeray's campaign meeting, the commission added to the expenditure of the local candidate. This demand of BJP has put the Election Commission in confusion. Raj Thackeray is gathering in some places like Raj Thackeray in the first meeting of Maharashtra Congress President Ashok Chavan in Nanded. Second meeting of the Congress of Sushil Kumar Shinde in the parliamentary area of ​​Solapur. The same sources are telling that Raj Thackeray will also make hoarders against the Modi government in the parliamentary constituency of Sharad Pawar's family members.

Raj Thackeray's meeting also saw a crowd of good people, which is why this has become a matter of concern for the BJP even if Raj Thackeray is not seeking votes for any candidate in his meeting nor taking his name. But obviously impressed by Raj Thackeray's meeting, people will be attracted towards the Congress-NCP alliance. Now it will be known only in the coming times, will the meetings of the Raj Thackeray Will action?




Congress, BJP manifestos: Different priorities, clash of ideologies


Congress, BJP manifestos: Different priorities, clash of ideologies

It’s a season of manifestos and promises. Six days after the Congress released its manifesto titled ‘Congress Will Deliver’ for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP released its ‘Sankalp patra’ on April 8. Though voting for the first phase of elections took place on April 11 for 91 parliamentary constituencies and the second phase polling will take place on April 18 for 97 constituencies, the focus of debate in media

over the past week has been on the merits and demerits of manifestos of the two national parties. In fact, it is hard to recall so much anticipation and excitement over election manifestos as this time around, may be because perceptionally the Congress and BJP have tried to score points over each other with slew of welfare measures.

The Congress manifesto has promised basic income, welfare, social justice, jobs, and reservation for women and higher spends on education and healthcare; the BJP has promised good governance, security and prosperity for the country. Both manifestos cover a range of issues that concern ordinary voters – from jobs, farm distress, and women’s safety to development.

However, while the BJP has given top billing to national security, the Congress has placed employment and economy over national security. Both manifestos have received backlash from their respective rival parties: Congress President Rahul Gandhi said the BJP manifesto was the voice of ‘an isolated man’, besides being ‘short-sighted’ and ‘arrogant’, while Prime Minister Narendra Modi termed the Congress manifesto a ‘hypocrisy document’ which was ‘full of lies’.

Promises made in manifestos are the basis on which political parties seek votes. But do manifestos matter? And are manifesto promises fulfilled? Like broken promises, manifestos are an old political tradition in India. Often, manifestos of national parties have many common issues but they adopt different ideologies to achieve goals. Since election manifestos are essentially meant for urban elites and the chattering classes to debate and dissect, it is anybody’s guess whether ordinary voters really care about them or cast their votes on the basis of promises made.

Social scientists are of the view that in India, manifestos are essentially for the middle class, political parties and the media, while majority of common people vote on the basis of caste, religion and creed. Hence, manifestos are considered a dated political tradition with little relevance in India. However, they do play an important role in many democracies by holding political parties to account for their world view and performance of governments they form.

A 2017 study in the American Journal of Political Science for 12 countries – Canada, Germany, UK, USA, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Sweden, Ireland, Austria and Bulgaria – found that political parties fulfill their promises to voters to a considerable extent. In mature democracies, both political parties and voters take manifestos seriously. In India, there is no credible study to determine the correlation between promises and delivery and to evaluate whether parties take their promises seriously.

Since manifestos do not have a legal sanctity, political parties are not held accountable for their promises. But the belief is that since governments are accountable to voters, if a party-in-power does not deliver on its promises, it will be voted out of power. But that’s not the case always.  A closer look at the Congress’ manifestos since the early 90s when liberalisation was unveiled reflects the party’s flexible economic ideology: ‘social left’ and ‘economic right’. The party has followed the policy of change with continuity.

Successive Congress governments, according to political analysts, have chosen to reinvent economic and social policies by avoiding confrontations and sharp divisions in a multi-cultural and pluralistic society like India. Since the 90s, the party has supported the idea of a market-controlled economy and reforms, which if properly regulated, can benefit many, including those who are at the margins of society.

On the other hand, the BJP’s manifestos since the mid-90s, when the party began bidding seriously for power at the Centre, have shown a consistent pattern of fielding the core Hindutva issues- uniform civil code, Article 370, Ram temple and now the Citizenship Bill, scrapping of Article 35(A) which empowers the J&K legislature to specify who are the state’s permanent residents and entitled to special rights over jobs, residence and property and extending the inconclusive NRC to ‘other parts of the country’.

The language, the style and treatment of issues may vary, but the core issues have always been embedded in the manifesto document. Since a manifesto is important not as much as a document to get votes on tall promises, but one which gives a direction or roadmap the party proposes for the country, the BJP manifesto does give a glimpse of the direction it wants the country to take: reshaping India as a cultural monolith.

In the last five years, the BJP has taken significant measures to advance its Hindutva agenda and, going by its manifesto, the same will continue to be pursued through a hardened nationalist approach if it retains power. However, as a vision statement, the manifesto does not appear to be expansive enough on how it will achieve its various economic and social goals.

Given that the BJP’s electoral fortunes hinge largely on Modi’s popularity and ability to garner votes for the party, it is not surprising that its manifesto centers on the prime minister, his achievements and his vision for India’s development and emergence as a global power. But if one were to judge the manifesto against the Modi government’s performance in five years, it is a galore of promises and grand goals, while it is not drastically different from the Congress manifesto when it comes to promising welfare for the poor and economic growth.

The Congress manifesto, in contrast, is strong on content and intent but, like all manifestos tend to be, falls short on details. However, it adequately addresses the concerns of women, youth, farmers, Dalits, tribals and minorities, all key groups the grand old party intends to target in this election. It is also a document of ideas with ample focus on jobs, a separate kisan budget, increasing MNREGA work days from 100 to 150 and direct mayoral elections for the creation of smart cities. NYAY, of course, is the Congress party’s biggest pro-poor alternative idea to tackle poverty.

Apart from ground-level economic and social issues, if the 2019 elections are about the idea of India, then the clash of ideologies over idea of India is clearly visible in the manifestos of the two ideologically opposite parties.

A L I Chougule is an independent Mumbai-based senior journalist.

FPJ




Who is giving money to political parties? Learn Everything About Electoral Bond


Who is giving money to political parties? Learn Everything About Electoral Bond

If the political party has to donate, then the election can be given to the party by buying election bonds. These bonds can be bought from SBI.

The Supreme Court on Friday ruled out its decision on electoral bonds (election bonds). Earlier, the court had rejected the Center's plea not to interfere till elections. Now the Supreme Court has said that all political parties have to give information of electoral bonds before the Election Commission. It will also have to give bank details to the parties. The court has said that the political parties, give the commission all the information in a sealed envelope.

The court has not imposed any restriction on the election bond in its decision, in this case the relief is available to the government. The political parties will have to give this information before May 30 before the Election Commission.

The central government has created election bonds to keep the details of the funds of political parties in the elections. It was said from the center that it is for transparency of funds. The pie-pie given to every political party under the election bond will be accounted for by the bank.

Electoral bond scheme is known in English as 'electoral bond scheme'. These bonds will be available to select branches of State Bank of India. The 29 branches that can buy Bonds are in these cities. New Delhi, Gandhinagar, Chandigarh, Bangalore, Bhopal, Mumbai, Jaipur, Lucknow, Chennai, Calcutta and Guwahati. Any person, company or institution of India can buy these bonds for election funds. These bonds can be up to one thousand, ten thousand, one lakh and one crore rupees.

If any citizen of the country wants to donate to any political party, then he will have to buy election bonds with SBI. Then he will be able to buy a bond and give it to any party.

The RBI will issue these bonds on behalf of the government. The donor can buy a bond from the bank and give it to any party. Then the political party will be able to redeem the bond in their account. Bond will not know who gave donations.

Three players in bond
First- Donor, who wants to donate funds to political parties. Can be a person, organization or company.
Second- National and regional political parties of the country.
Third- The central bank of the country, Reserve Bank of India

These bonds were bought from State Bank of India in March, April, May, July and October. Its sixth installment will start biking in November. Bond has a period of 15 days, ie, after 15 days of purchase, it is to give a bond to the political party. It is also registered political party. The party will also be able to redeem them only through authorized bank accounts. Buyer's KYC will be necessary. These bonds can be given to those registered political parties, who got at least one percent of the votes in the last election.

1. March-1 to 10 March sold. Then 222 million bonds were purchased.
2. In April-April, there was a sale of 114.9 million.
3. May-1 sold from May 10.
4. July-July sold till July 11.
5. October-1 to October 10
6. November to November 11th.

In response to an RTI reply provided by the bank, in March 2018, it sold bonds of more than Rs 222 crores. In April this sale was Rs 114.9 crore.

This is the world's first election bond?
Maybe it happens. News 18 talked to several financial experts. None of them said that there is such a political funding party in any democracy in the world. Jagdeep Choker of Association of Democratic Reforms said that there are electrals in India, but the electric bonds are new.

Political parties income source
During the period 2004-05 and 2014-15, the source of 69% of the total income of political parties was not known (unknown). The Santhanam committee also raised black money case in 1964. Let the santhanam committee be formed in the year 1962 by the then Home Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, the senior Congress leader. In the presidency of Santhanam.

Anybody buying a bond?
Giving the election bond to a party, 'buying a bond' will not be of any use. Nor is there any return of this money. This is like a donation to the unitary political parties.




What is said on the development of Modi Muslims and Sikhs of the villages of Uttarakhand: Ground Report


What is said on the development of Modi Muslims and Sikhs of the villages of Uttarakhand: Ground Report

Dinesh Upreti
BBC correspondent, from Pauri to Rama village and from Luni village

They speak typical Garhwali and the living also are like hills. In the customs of the mountain, such customs have settled that it is not easy for anybody to imagine that it is a Sikh or Muslim.

There are nearly half a dozen villages in Pauri Garhwal in Uttarakhand where majority of the population is either Sikh or Muslim. One such village of Muslims is about 30 kilometers away from Kotdwar. Name is Rama village

The village is about 150 meters below the main road, but it has to be discovered by way of search. 'Look at the accident that happened.'

After entering the village, the second house was of Razia Begum, the head of the village. Before his darshan was greeted, his father Mohammed Saeed Ahmed introduced us and then said (as if he was waiting for someone to tell him about his problem).

He said, "I am 74 years old, this path is such that whatever falls or falls directly into the river Gadere (rainy river), you have seen, do not do anybody's blood ..."

They said, "My childhood is here only (in anger) giving speech, no digital village has remained." A girl died here two years ago, she has not died yet, I will go to Delhi and I will go to Delhi. I will show you how much development has happened. My girl is the chief, I can not say much. "

Razia Begum was elected the chief of the village five years ago as an Independent candidate. Razia Begum has two sons and both of them went to Delhi to work a number of years ago. This is the story of almost every family in the village. The locks are hanging on some houses (whose whole family has migrated from the village).

Razia says, "There is no employment, sometimes around 350 Muslim families lived in this village, but now 250 families will be living in their homes."

There is also anger among the villagers, including the principal, not getting the benefits of many government schemes including Ujjwal Scheme.

Razia says, "In Ujjwala, the filling of the forms of 45 people, but only four connections are not free, the receipt of Rs 1617 has been received. Now it is the fact that those who did not get the cylinders got me every second and fourth day. - The voice is heard and says - now you too have become Modi. "

Prime Minister Modi often mentions the success of Ujjwala Scheme in his speeches and claims that more than one crore households in the country have benefitted from this scheme.

The toilets are well in the village, but the people complain that the government promised to give 12 thousand rupees, they did not get anybody except the one and the other.

Abdul Rahim works as tailoring and his house was broken last year and now he is passing through a small room.

Abdul says, "I will not lie, I have got two thousand rupees of the Kisan Samman Nidhi (they show the messages coming from the bank on March 11 in the mobile), wheat-rice (food security scheme) is also getting, but toilets The money is not found till now. It is the condition of the house that you are seeing. "

Batala Begum, Zabunnisa Begum is also the same pain. There is a mosque built in the year 1836 in the village, but it is also in delicate condition.

Principal Razia Begum says, "I have come to know that the government has given a grant to build a temple in many adjoining villages including Dhargoon. The Government has given a grant to the mosque for the repair of the outskirts of the mosque (for the grant of grant for the cemetery). We could also help but there was no help. "

No one in the village speaks openly, but indicates gestures that discrimination is done with their village in implementing government schemes.

Abdurrahim says, "Last time BJP had voted that Modi would do something but nothing happened."

Uttarakhand elections will be held on April 11 for the fifth Lok Sabha seat.

BJP has fielded former MLA Tirth Singh Rawat from Pauri Lok Sabha seat, whereas Congress has bet on former Chief Minister and veteran leader of Bhuvan Chandra Khanduri's son Manish Khanduri. Manish Khanduri has recently joined Congress

If you leave the state of resentment with the government then Muslims of Rama village do not have any problem-complain with their Hindu neighbors.

Several women, including Saida Begum, Saira Begum, say in a tone, "There is complete brotherhood, we come to each other's house, tea, water, food and drink, we get married each other. There is a voice in sadness all together. "

About 60 km from Rama village, Garhwali is the unique village of Sikhs.

Haluni is about two kilometers away from the main road and it has been three years since the raw roads were built to connect the village but it has not been confirmed yet.

There is a gurdwara in Haluni and more than 90 percent of the Sikh religion is going to be followed.

In this village, nearly 60 families have been killed, there are 85 families in the village.

However, these people, who are called Sikh Nages, do not wear turban nor do they follow the five types of Sikhs- Kangha, Kadha, Bhaqa, Saber and Kesha completely.

Jagdish Singh Negi, retired from the army, says, "We have come to know from the ancestors that Sardarji named Dayal Singh had settled this village, it must have been talking about eight-nine generations before, some families of Brahmins, Thakur and There are also Dalits. "

Jagdish Singh Negi says, "From Punjab, we have requested Guru Granth Sahib, it is in Hindi, there are glands, and also service takers, they come to the gurdwara in weddings and bow down."

Negi Sikhs are proud to be related to their Sikh religion, but this community has never sought the minority status of themselves in front of the Uttarakhand government nor did they intend to join the Gurdwara Management Committee in Uttarakhand.

Well, when the elections were announced, the Sikh negi community had even counted all the people in the matter of government schemes which were told by the Muslim leaders of Rama village.

The village's chief MS Negi explains, "15-20 people had filled the form of Ujjwala scheme, but no one got it. Now the officials are saying that the work will be done only after the election is over."

Almost every family uses the stove in the village and those who have cylinders also use it only on the arrival of special people.

Manohar Negi Sikh, who comes in the BPL category, says, "My wife has a job card in MNREGA, she gets work in four to five months, under the National Food Security, we get wheat and rice. But so far I have not got the money from the government. "

Manohar's wife Babita is blowing a stove in a four feet high house. Ujjwal's scheme is also known to them, but the cylinder was not found.

He says in Garhwali, "You are seeing now, the eyes are breaking in the stove".

Babita's daughter Ritu passed the 12th examination two years ago. He wanted to regulate further studies, but there was no money for it.

Ritu says, "I do not want to do it, I also want to do good studies, but our situation is not the same." From 23 rupees a month, I have studied up to 12th standard, I am now studying in private. "




Top