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BOYCOTT THE NPR, CAA-NRIC: ITS IMPLEMENTATION WILL LEAD TO CATASTROPHIC REPERCUSSIONS


The Union Government’s decision to announce and conduct NPR (National People Register) has led to another topic of controversy, when the nation continues to witness widespread protests amid the enactment of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and extrapolation of nationwide National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC).

            The people are already suspicious about the CAA-NRIC and the decision to conduct NPR is nothing but will be only adding fuel to the fire, causing resentment, harassment, and apprehensions among the people, especially among the SC/ST/OBC, minorities and downtrodden common people.

The NPR is a demographic and biometric data of individuals living at the place of enumeration for six months or more. It  is a register of usual residents of the country, prepared at the local (village/sub-town), sub-district, district, state and national level under the provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.

 Why NPR is futile and fictitious exercise (in light of CAA-NRIC).

The need for NPR was born when the Kargil Defence Review Committee highlighted the importance to have verifiable identity documents of citizens for obvious security reasons. As per the law, it is now mandatory for every “usual resident of India to register in the NPR, so as to enable the state to have a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country.”

 However, it is argued that in light of CAA-NRIC agitations, the whole objective of NPR has become ambiguous and further due to the following reasons it may be considered deceitful:

Firstly, the NPR-NRIC is intrinsically linked, even though the government has sought to take a contradictory stand. Both find mention in the 2003 rules under the Citizenship Act, 1955 framed by the then NDA government in 2003. Under the rules the NPR is the register of usual residents of the country based on the demographic and biometric data of individuals living at the place of enumeration for six months or more. The NRIC on the other hand considers the citizens of the country and those living abroad and not everybody who is residing within the territorial boundaries of India. For this purpose, the 2003 Rules mention ‘doubtful citizens’.

The rules categorically states that during the preparation of NRIC, “during the verification process, particulars of such individuals, whose citizenship is doubtful, shall be entered by the Local Registrar with appropriate remark in the Population Register for further inquiry and in case of doubtful Citizenship, the individual or the family shall be informed in a specified proforma immediately after the verification process is over”.

It is therefore crystal clear that NRIC is a subset of NPR, being based on the latter. The doubtful citizens who fail to prove that there are not “doubtful” (after having gone through the process of claims and objections) will be excluded.

It is at this stage where apprehensions will arise among those who are required to establish and prove their citizenship. This will lead to untold misery, harassment and a feeling of resentment among the Muslims, SC/ST and poor community. The recent exclusion of the family of former President, ex CM of Assam and Kargil War veteran is a great proof.

Secondly, the government has approved Rs 8500 crore for the NPR exercise. It is argued that this is only a drain of financial resources. Data can be gathered with the help of Aadhaar  system which now cover most of the Indians. The system includes name, address, and date of birth, father/husband’s name and gender. In light of this, NPR becomes a wasteful and unnecessary exercise. It is better to utilize this estimated expenditure on measures and schemes that will benefit the disadvantaged sections of society, especially on Education, Health and most backward districts in all respects.  

Thirdly, there are issues of privacy. Through NPR, the government again intends to collect a much larger amount of personal data on residents of India and yet there is no clarity on the mechanism for the protection of such data.

Fourthly, as per the 2003 rules, the obligation for creating the NPR rests with the Bureaucracy which again leads to number of complications. The bureaucracy involved is fairly at a lower level, precise to say at junior and inexperienced level which is prone to succumb to the pressure of the political executive. Further it has the scope of being marred by discrimination, arbitration and not to mention large scale corruption.    

Thus, considering NPR in light of the foregoing concerns makes it a futile exercise. It is argued that the statement of the government particularly by the Home Minister that the NPR and NRIC are not related cannot be trusted as contradictory statements by ministers raise the suspicion.

The Government’s actions concerning abolition of Article 370, enactment of Triple Talaq Bill, and rising violence, discrimination against the SC/ST/OBC and minorities during the tenure of this present Government coupled with aggressive statements of high profile ministers have caused uneasiness among the SC/ST/OBC and among the people who are at the lowest level in society. The provisions of CAA and consequent push for the NPR which could form the basis of NRIC would only add the credence to the feeling that all these actions are aimed at selective targeting of particular communities.

The overall intentions of Government continue to be questionable when one goes through the CAA. The statute consciously excludes Muslim Community from its purview thereby again giving rise to apprehensions among the community .The Government supports the Act by formulating that the law intends to protect those facing persecution in three neighboring countries, but the Act nowhere mentions “persecution” or “religious minorities”. The intention of the Government through the act is discriminatory, morally untenable and against the Constitution.  To see it in conjunction with NPR- NRIC, it speaks of Government’s delusion with “illegal migrants” which it perhaps identifies with one community i.e. Muslims and then in coming years perhaps the lower caste people especially SC/ST/OBC.

  The Government and those who support CAA-NRIC, overlooks any factual and concrete data. As per the census statistics, illegal migrants are not present throughout the country but concentrated in some pockets of North Eastern and Eastern areas adjoining neighboring countries.  This all indicates that the present Government is keen to give more effect to its ideology of “Manuvaad” and “Hidutva.” It seems to be a step towards "Hindu Rashtra", whereby they can easily perpetuate Manusmiriti laws to keep SC/ST/OBC and minorities at the lowest rung (as second rate citizens). It is stunning to note that since last 70 years no effort has been made by either governments to done away with the caste system which is a teething problem of this country, whether it would be Hindu or Muslim. No one addresses as to how and why 2.5% to 3% Manuvaadi/Casteist and capitalist forces are at the helm of affairs, almost everywhere whether it will be judiciary, police, army or legislature.

Thus the CAA-NRIC and now NPR are related and must be seen in a wider context. If NPR data is misused to prepare NRIC, then the apprehensions of Assam NRIC will exemplify at national level. It will only result in chaos, confusion and harassment. Through it, the Government has only misled the people from the real issues such as unemployment, inflation, economic slowdown etc., the very issues for which it was elected to overcome. This government has indeed failed to achieve most of the aspirations of a welfare state. Besides the apprehensions many more hardships will follow if the Government will not give up its uncompromising stand to take back its decision on CAA-NRIC.  For instance, many states have already decided not to implement the NPR-NRIC, and further more, there are many states which are already on collision path with the centre and this will deteriorate inter-state relations.

Conclusion

Thus India is finding itself in a dangerous situation. This whole issue of CAA and NRIC and now NPR creates the feeling of alienation in SC/ST/OBC, landless people (who are approximately 25-30 crores), people who live on roadsides, railway stations, nomads in crores, those who do not have houses of their own and especially those who are illiterate and most poverty stricken people and of course minorities  communities who are easy target for this Government, thereby destroying the secular fabric, unity in diversity of the nation ,which adds to the unique goodwill something which we Indians enjoy at the international forum. Therefore it is urged that people of India should continue to insist within the Constitutional framework and principles that Government should rollback on its decision on CAA-NRIC and repeal them at the earliest.  

 M.W.Ansari, IPS  (Retd., D.G.) (C.G. Government) TNIS




Police to summon witnesses and seize mobile phones of WhatsApp group members linked with JNU violence


The Delhi High Court has asked the police to summon witnesses and seize mobile phones of members of the WhatsApp groups linked with the violent attack on Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) students and professors on January 5, 2020.

Two WhatsApp groups, ‘Friends of RSS’ and 'Unity against Left' have been named as perpetrators of hate and violence on campus and hostels on January 5.

The Delhi High Court has asked WhatsApp and Google to preserve and provide information related to the JNU violence to the police. The court also asked police to seize at the earliest phones of members of two WhatsApp groups on which the January 5 violence was allegedly coordinated.

Justice Brijesh Sethi directed the JNU administration to provide at the earliest the CCTV footage of the violence sought by police.

The court's observations came on the plea filed by JNU professors Ameet Parameswaran, Atul Sood and Shukla Vinayak Sawant seeking directions to the Delhi Police Commissioner and Delhi government.

On January 5, a mob of masked men stormed the campus and targeted students in three hostels, unleashing mayhem with sticks, stones and iron rods by hitting inmates and breaking windows, furniture and personal belongings.

Three FIRs have been registered at Vasant Kunj (North) police station in connection with the incident.




Delhi HC directs police to look into traffic restrictions on Kalindi Kunj-Shaheen Bagh stretch


New Delhi: The Delhi High Court on Tuesday directed the city police to look into traffic restrictions on Kalindi Kunj-Shaheen Bagh stretch, which has been closed for nearly a month due to protests against the amended Citizenship Act, while keeping in mind the larger public interest.

A bench of Chief Justice D N Patel and Justice C Hari Shankar asked the police to look into the issue while also keeping in mind maintenance of law and order.

 
 

The court passed the order while disposing of a PIL filed by advocate and social activist Amit Sahni seeking a direction to the Delhi Police Commissioner to lift restrictions on Kalindi Kunj-Shaheen Bagh Stretch and Okhla underpass, which were closed on December 15, 2019 for ongoing protests against CAA and National Register of Citizen (NRC).

It was a temporary measure but has been extended from time to time. The Kalindi Kunj stretch is vital as it connects Delhi, Faridabad (Haryana) and Noida (Uttar Pradesh) and commuters are forced to take the Delhi-Noida-Delhi (DND) Expressway and Ashram, which is causing hours of traffic jams and wastage of time and fuel, it said.

 
 
 



Sensex hits fresh record high of 41,900 points; pharma, metals gain


Mumbai: Sensex on Tuesday logged a fresh all-time high of 41,903.36 despite a sharp rise in inflation amid already slowing economic activity in the country.

Retail inflation shot to a five-and-a-half-year high of 7.35 per cent in December, breaching the central bank's outer limit target of 6 per cent, sparking fears of stagflation.

At 10.04 a.m. the Sensex was down 20.66 points at 41,839.03. It opened at 41,883.09 and advanced to touch the intra-day high of 41,903.36 and a low of 41,770.90.

 
 

The broader Nifty was trading at 12,334.95, higher by 5.40 points. Foreign Portfolio investors (FPIs) purchased stocks worth Rs 68.24 crore on Monday while its domestic counterparts bought Rs 47.17 crore worth of scrips.

The top gainers on the BSE were Tata Steel, TCS, Hero MotoCorp, HCL Tech, ITC and Mahindra and Mahindra. The laggards were the index-heavyweights like HDFC Bank, Reliance Industries, ICICI Bank and Kotak Mahindra Bank.

 
 
 



Kerala govt moves SC against CAA, says act violates Constitution


New Delhi: The Kerala government has moved the Supreme Court against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) which grants Indian citizenship to minorities from three countries - Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh.

In the petition, the government stated that the act violates "Articles 14, 21, and 25 of the Constitution of India" and is violative of the basic structure principle of secularism as well.

 
 

This came days after the Kerala Assembly passed a resolution seeking withdrawal of the CAA.

Earlier this month, Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan wrote letters to his counterparts in 11 states asking them to consider passing a similar resolution like that of his state.

 
 
 



Shashi Tharoor sheepishly apologies for calling Arvind Kejriwal an 'eunuch'


 



Nation will remain indebted to their services: Defence Minister on 'Veterans Day'


New Delhi: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Tuesday greeted ex-servicemen on the occasion of "Veterans Day" saying that the nation will remain indebted to their services.

"Greetings and warm wishes to all Ex-Servicemen of the Indian Armed Forces on the occasion of Veterans Day. No words can describe their selfless devotion to duty and the sacrifices made by them. The nation will remain indebted to their services," Defence Minister said in a tweet.

Singh along with Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Bipin Rawat will be attending a programme organised on the occasion of Armed Forces Veterans Day in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

 
 

This is the first time that General Rawat would be attending any official function outside Delhi after he took over as the first Chief of Defence Staff.

The Armed Forces Veterans Day is celebrated as a mark of respect and recognition to the services rendered by the first Commander-in-Chief of Indian Army, Field Marshal KM Cariappa.

 
 
 



SC says Council of Counsels will discuss Sabarimala on Jan 17


On Monday, a nine-judge Constitution bench of the Supreme Court began hearing a batch of pleas on the issue of allowing women of all ages to enter Kerala's Sabarimala temple, along with other contentious issues of alleged discrimination against Muslim and Parsi women.

SC gives three weeks to all the lawyers for finalisation of all issues relating to Sabarimala and the rest of the matters. Conference of lawyers to be held on January 17 for the same.

During the hearing, advocate Indira Jaising said "the rightness or wrongness if the Sabarimala is a precondition to answer these questions. No competent court has declared the Sabarimala judgment bad in law."


A nine-judge bench headed by Chief Justice S A Bobde said that it was not considering review pleas in the Sabarimala case. "We are not hearing review pleas of Sabarimala case. We are considering issues referred to by a 5-judge bench earlier," the bench said. There are more than 50 review petitions, which had challenged the judgement of the Supreme Court allowing the entry of women of all ages in the Sabarimala temple in Kerala. The petitions are pending before the Supreme Court for final disposal.

The apex court had on November 14 asked a larger bench to re-examine various religious issues, including the entry of women into the Sabarimala Temple and mosques and the practice of female genital mutilation in the Dawoodi Bohra community.

While the five-judge bench unanimously agreed to refer religious issues to a larger bench, it gave a 3:2 split decision on petitions seeking a review of the apex court's September 2018 decision allowing women of all ages to enter the Sabarimala shrine in Kerala.




Post CAA violence, how Yogi Adityanath is empowering UP Police


Post CAA violence, the Yogi Adityanath-led Uttar Pradesh government has decided to clear the police commissionerate system for Lucknow and Noida.

 

Kanchan Srivastava


@Ms_Aflatoon


#Breaking

After #CAA violence, Yogi Govt decides to hv Commissionerate system to empower UP police more.

Lucknow, Noida to have Police Commisioner not SSP.

CPs hv many powers of DM as power to use sec144/lathicharge/gunfire/tadipar/license of weapons/bars/permission of rally


13
9:29 PM - Jan 12, 2020
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"The biggest step towards police reform has been taken by our Govt today. Uttar Pradesh cabinet has approved a proposal to setup police commissioner system in Lucknow and Noida," said Yogi Adityanath. So Lucknow, Noida will now have Police Commissioner and not senior superintendent of police (SSP).

 

ANI UP


@ANINewsUP


Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath: Biggest step towards police reform has been taken by our Govt today. Uttar Pradesh cabinet has approved proposal to setup police commissioner system in Lucknow and Noida.

View image on Twitter

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“Police Commissionerate system was pending for decades because of lack of political will. We took this step for smart policing in Lucknow and Noida which has 40 lakh and 25 lakh population.” says Yogi Adityanath.

 

Kanchan Srivastava


@Ms_Aflatoon


#Breaking

“Police Commissionerate system was pending for decades because of lack of political will.

We took this step for smart policing in Lucknow and Noida which hv 40 Lakh and 25 L population.” says Yogi Adityanath in his first PC of the year 2020.


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9:42 PM - Jan 12, 2020
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The Uttar Pradesh government has named Sujeet Pandey as police commisioner for Lucknow and Alok Singh as commisioner of Noida.

 

Kanchan Srivastava


@Ms_Aflatoon


#Breaking

The first Police Commisioner

Lucknow: Sujeet Pandey
Noida: Alok Singh


7
10:02 PM - Jan 12, 2020
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Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced this decision after the cabinet meeting and said the decision would further improve the law and order situation in the state. The police commissionerate system will initially be launched in Lucknow and Noida and then gradually be implemented in other districts, depending on its success. The police commissionerate system, when implemented, will leave the district magistrates with only revenue related work and all decisions regarding law and order will be taken by the police commissioners.

(Inputs from Kanchan Srivastava)

 




Cong's Opp meet falls flat as AAP, BSP and TMC stay away


In what might be called as a big jolt to Congress-led opposition, as AAP, BSP and TMC have decided to stay away from today's opposition meeting. On Monday Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and BSP Supremo Mayawati stated that they will not be attending the all Opposition party meeting.

Opposition leaders of Congress, Left parties, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), among others, will hold talks in the afternoon today. The Samajwadi Party is expected to attend the meeting. While the Trinamool Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party and Aam Aadmi Party will not be taking part in the meeting.

“In such a situation, the BSP attending the meeting called by the opposition today under the leadership of the Congress will be demoralising to the party’s workers in Rajasthan. That’s why the BSP will not attend this meeting,” Mayawati tweeted in Hindi in the morning.

“The BSP is away against CAA/NRC etc. We again appeal to the central government to withdraw this divisive and unconstitutional law. At the same time, the politicisation of students in JNU and other educational institutions is very unfortunate,” she added.


Mayawati

@Mayawati
 · 4h
Replying to @Mayawati
2. ऐसे में कांग्रेस के नेतृत्व में आज विपक्ष की बुलाई गई बैठक में बीएसपी का शामिल होना, यह राजस्थान में पार्टी के लोगों का मनोबल गिराने वाला होगा। इसलिए बीएसपी इनकी इस बैठक में शामिल नहीं होगी। 2/3


Mayawati

@Mayawati
3. वैसे भी बीएसपी CAA/NRC आदि के विरोध में है। केन्द्र सरकार से पुनः अपील है कि वह इस विभाजनकारी व असंवैधानिक कानून को वापिस ले। साथ ही, JNU व अन्य शिक्षण संस्थानों में भी छात्रों का राजनीतिकरण करना यह अति-दुर्भाग्यपूर्ण। 3/3

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7:11 PM - Jan 12, 2020
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According to news agency ANI, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) has said that the party will not attend today's opposition meeting called by Congress to discuss the current political situation in the country. "We have no information about any such meeting. So,makes no sense to attend a meeting we have no information about," AAP MP Sanjay Singh told ANI.

While on the other hand, West Bengal chief minister and Trinamool Congress leader Mamata Banerjee last week had said that she will not be a part of the meeting of the opposition leaders.

Opposition parties will meet on Monday afternoon to discuss the current political situation in the country. Discussions will be held on several issues including the amended Citizenship Act, National Population Register (NPR), National Register of Citizens (NRC), and the violence in Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) during the meeting scheduled to be held in Parliament annexe at 2 pm.





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