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Facebook data breach: Data of 5O million Facebook users at risk after security breach, accounts from India likely hit


Washington: Data of 50 million Facebook users have been exposed following a massive security breach by unknown hackers, its CEO Mark Zuckerberg said, amid fears that a significant number of the accounts affected could be from India.

The precautionary measure taken by the social media giant has impacted another 40 million users, Zuckerberg said Friday. In a conference call with reporters, he did not give a country-wise of the user accounts hit by the data breach. However, a significant number of affected users are expected to be from India, given that the company has the maximum 270 million users in the country. It has 2 billion global users. Facebook did not immediately respond to a PTI question on the number of accounts affected in India.

“On Tuesday afternoon, our engineering team found an attack affecting up to 50 million accounts on Facebook. The attackers exploited a vulnerability in the code of the View As feature which is a privacy feature that lets people see what their Facebook profile would look like to another person,” Zuckerberg said. “The vulnerability allowed the attackers to steal Facebook access tokens – which are the equivalent of a digital key – which the attackers could have used to take over or access people’s accounts,” he said.


 
Stressing that the investigation into the incident was still at a nascent stage, Zuckerberg said the social media giant does not know if any of the accounts were misused or who was behind the cyberattacks. “So far, our initial investigation has not shown that these tokens were used to access any private messages or posts or to post anything to these accounts.” He said Facebook has taken steps to patch the security flaw to prevent this attacker – or any other attacker – from being able to steal additional access tokens. Facebook has invalidated access tokens for the accounts, causing those users to be logged out.

“These people will now have to log back in to access their accounts again and we will also notify these people in a message on top of their News Feed about what happened when they log back in,” the chief executive officer said. In addition to getting in touch with law enforcement agencies, including the FBI, Zuckerberg said Facebook is logging out all users who used the “View As” feature since the flaw was introduced last year as a precautionary measure. “This will require another 40 million people – or more – to log back into their accounts,” he said.

“This is a really serious security issue. And we’re taking it really seriously. We have a major security effort at the company that hardens all of our surfaces, and investigates issues like this,” he said in response to a question. “In this case I’m glad that we found this and that we were able to fix the vulnerability and secure the accounts. But it definitely is an issue that this happened in the first place,” he said. Gary Rosen, vice president pf product management at Facebook, said in all 90 million users would have to log back in. “After they have logged back in, people will get a notification at the top of their News Feed explaining what happened,” he said. Facebook said users don’t need to change their passwords.




Bhima-Koregaon violence case: Justice DY Chandrachud dissents again, says voice of Opposition can’t be muzzled


New Delhi: Dissent is a symbol of “vibrant democracy” and the voices in opposition cannot be “muzzled” by persecuting those who take up unpopular causes, Justice D Y Chandrachud of the Supreme Court said Friday in his dissenting judgement in the Koregaon-Bhima violence case.

Justice Chandrachud, writing a separate minority verdict in which he disagreed with the views of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justice A M Khanwilkar, said that individuals asserting causes which might be unpopular to the echelons of power were entitled to the freedoms guaranteed under the Constitution. He made it clear, however, that when expression of dissent enters the “prohibited field” of incitement to violence or subversion of a democratically elected government by recourse to unlawful means, the dissent “ceases to be a mere expression of opinion”.

The Supreme Court Friday refused to interfere with the arrest of five rights activists by the Maharashtra Police in connection with the Koregaon-Bhima violence case and declined to appoint a SIT to probe their arrest. Observing that a special investigating team (SIT) must be appointed to conduct probe in the case, Justice Chandrachud said that court acts as a “watchdog” to ensure impartial and fair investigation as it was crucial for preservation of rule of law and liberty. Terming as “serious” the allegations levelled by the Pune Police that arrested the accused were plotting to attack Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Justice Chandrachud said this aspect required “responsible attention” and it cannot be “bandied” about by the police officers in media briefings.


 Justice D Y Chandrachud does it again; overrules father’s verdict
“Dissent is a symbol of a vibrant democracy. Voices in opposition cannot be muzzled by persecuting those who take up unpopular causes. Where, however, the expression of dissent enters upon the prohibited field of an incitement to violence or the subversion of a democratically elected government by recourse to unlawful means, the dissent ceases to be a mere expression of opinion,” he said in his 43-page verdict. He further said, “Unlawful activities which violate the law have to be dealt with in accordance with it”.

He noted that purpose of directions given by him in the verdict was to ensure that basic entitlement of every citizen, facing allegations of criminal wrongdoing, was that the investigative process should be fair. “This is an integral component of the guarantee against arbitrariness under Article 14 (equality before law) and of the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21. If this court were not to stand by the principles which we have formulated, we may witness a soulful requiem to liberty,” he said.

Justice Chandrachud observed that there cannot be any doubt that deprivation of human rights seriously impinges upon dignity of individual for which even compensation may not constitute an adequate recompense. “The role of the Court involves particularly sensitive balances when the state seeks to curb freedom to investigate perceived breaches involving offences against the state,” he said. He also said that court has to be vigilant in exercise of its jurisdiction under Article 32 to ensure that “liberty is not sacrificed at the altar of conjectures”.

Justice Chandrachud strongly deprecated the conduct of Pune Police in utilising electronic media to cast aspersions on those under investigation and observed that this fortified the need for an investigation which was fair. He referred to media statements by the Joint Commissioner of Police and the Additional Director General of Police and said they had cast aspersions in media against persons whose conduct was still under investigation and in “disregard of proceedings pending before a judicial forum”. He said: “It is the duty and obligation of this court to ensure that the administration of criminal justice is not derailed”.

“The manner in which the Joint Commissioner of Police and the Additional Director General of Police (Law and Order), Maharashtra have selectively disclosed purported details of the investigation to the media and on television channels casts a cloud on the impartiality of the investigative process,” he said. He termed as “disconcerting” the behaviour of the Joint Commissioner of Police in holding a press conference hours after conclusion of hearing before the apex court and proclaiming that police had more than sufficient evidence against arrested individual –  Varavara Rao, Arun Ferreira, Vernon Gonsalves, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha.

Justice Chandrachud noted that use of electronic media by investigating arm of the state to “influence public opinion” during pendency of probe subverts fairness of investigation as police was not “adjudicators nor do they pronounce upon guilt”. He said the move by petitioners in the case to initiate proceedings under Article 32 before it was “not motivated by extraneous reasons”.

Justice Chandrachud dealt with the allegations levelled by the police that the five arrested accused were found to be working for and to be an active member of “banned terrorist organisation” – the Communist Party of India (Maoist). “I find that the allegation that each of the five individuals arrested on August 28, 2018 is found to be engaged in activities of the nature set out in paragraph 26 of the counter affidavit (extracted above) is taking liberties with the truth,” he said.




A 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi on Friday,


Jakarta: A 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi on Friday, triggering a tsunami warning that was lifted later.
The Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics initially issued a tsunami alert, warning of the possibility of up to three metre high waves, but withdrew it later, Efe news reported.
No casualties were reported in the earthquake, registered at 6.02 p.m. with its epicentre around 56 km north of the Donggala city, according to the United States Geological Survey.

Image result for A 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi on Friday,

The quake followed a 6.1 magnitude tremor that struck the same region, killing one person and injuring 10 earlier in the day. Several buildings were collapsed.

The spokesperson of the National Disaster Management Agency said in a statement that the first quake lasted 10 seconds and forced panicked residents to rush of their houses.
At least 557 people died and almost 400,000 were displaced by four earthquakes with intensities varying between 6.3 and 6.9 magnitude which struck Lombok island between July 29 and August 19.

Image result for A 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi on Friday,

Indonesia’s deadliest ever tremor struck Sumatra island in 2014 and triggered a tsunami that killed nearly 280,000 people in around a dozen countries along the Indian Ocean, with the biggest number of casualties registered in Indonesia.
The country sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of great seismic and volcanic activities, where some 7,000 earthquakes, mostly moderate, are recorded each year.

Image result for A 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi on Friday,

SOURCE: IANS




Only one place for idiocy and it’s called Congress: Amit Shah


New Delhi: Attacking the Congress for its alleged support to Maoists, fake activists and corrupt elements, BJP president Amit Shah Friday said “there is only one place for idiocy and it’s called the Congress”. Shah’s response came after the Supreme Court refused to interfere with the arrest of five rights activists by the Maharashtra Police in connection with the Koregaon-Bhima violence case and declined to appoint a SIT to probe their arrest. “There is only one place for idiocy and it’s called the Congress. Support ‘Bharat Ke Tukde Tukde Gang’ (break India gang), Maoists, fake activists and corrupt elements. Defame all those who are honest and working. Welcome to Rahul Gandhi’s Congress,” he said in a tweet.
He used the hashtag Bhima Koregaon. The Bharatiya Janata Party chief was responding to a tweet posted by Congress president Rahul Gandhi on August 28. Gandhi had said following the arrests that there is place for only one NGO in India and it’s called the RSS. “Shut down all other NGOs. Jail all activists and shoot those that complain. Welcome to the new India,” he had said A three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, in a 2:1 verdict, Friday refused the plea seeking the immediate release of the activists.

PTI




All guidelines were followed in NDA’s Rafale deal: Official sources


New Delhi: All guidelines laid down in the Defence Procurement Procedure were followed by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government during the procurement of the Rafale jets, according to the official sources.

According to the sources, reports that have surfaced recently in the media seek to “create confusion” about the controversial Rafale deal, “through distorted and selective presentation of facts,” adding that the report also suffers from several factual errors. The sources further said that the government has categorically stated that all provisions laid down in the Defence Procurement Procedure and other relevant guidelines were fully followed in the acquisition of 36 Rafale fighter aircraft.

The Defence Acquisition Council, chaired by the Defence Minister, accepted the necessity for the acquisition of Rafale aircraft and mandated the Contract Negotiating Committee, the sources said, adding that the Cabinet Committee on Security had accorded its approval to the acquisition on August 24, 2016, and not in September 2016. The deal to buy 36 ready-to-fly Rafale fighter jets was signed in 2016 between the NDA government and the French government under the then-President Francois Hollande, after scrapping the United Progressive Alliance’s (UPA) deal to buy 18 ready-to-fly jets and assemble a further 108 in India.

The Congress has been targeting the Centre of irregularities in the high-profile contract, alleging that the NDA government was procuring each aircraft at a cost of over Rs 1,670 crore as against Rs 526 crore finalised by the then UPA government. The controversy took a new twist last week after former French President Francois Hollande, with whom Prime Minister Modi had cleared the deal in 2016, claimed that the Indian government had proposed Reliance Defence’s name as the offset partner for Dassault Aviation.




Chemists on day-long nationwide strike today against Centre’s move to regularise e-pharmacies


New Delhi: The apex body of chemists has declared a day-long nationwide strike today to protest the Centre’s move to regularise online pharmacies. The All India Organisation of Chemists and Druggists (AIOCD) has opposed the government’s decision, stating e-pharmacy poses threat to their business and could lead to the risk of drug abuse.

“Repeated appeals have been made by the AIOCD through memorandums to the authorities and the departments concerned. The seriousness of the issue is evident through numerous cases of illegal online sale of medicines by the so called e-pharmacies and online portals. “The AIOCD has already observed two bharat bandhs earlier. If the appeal does not get a positive response from the government, we will not have any other option than to call for a nationwide indefinite agitation. Chemist shops across the country will remain closed on September 28,” said Sandeep Nangia, the organising secretary of the AIOCD and the president of the Retail Distributors Chemists Association (RDCA).

While the drug prices have been regulated by the government, online portals offer discounts up to 70 per cent against a 10 per cent discount available at wholesalers. The AIOCD members alleged e-pharmacies would encourage irrational usage of medicines and sale of spurious drugs. “The government should crack down any online sale of medicines as it raises the risk of drug abuse. At present, online pharmacy business is going illegally and the government is not taking any action against it, hence, we have no alternative than to go on a strike to protect health of general public,” said General Secretary of the AIOCD Rajiv Singhal.

In support of the nationwide strike called by the AIOCD to protest online sale of drugs, more than 12,000 chemists and wholesalers in the city will keep their shops closed on October 14 and participate in a protest at Jantar Mantar here. “Despite the complaints made by the AIOCD, online pharmacies are supplying the goods like MTP kits and anti-depression drugs among others without confirming the authenticity of the prescription and patient,” said Vice President of the AIOCD Surender Duggal.

The Union Health Ministry has come out with draft rules on sale of drugs by e-pharmacies with an aim to regulate online sale of medicines across India and provide patients accessibility to genuine drugs from authentic online portals. The draft rules require online pharmacies to be registered with the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), the country’s apex drug regulator and central licensing authority and obtain a trade licence. The supply of any drug shall be made against a cash or credit memo generated through the e-pharmacy portal and such memos shall be maintained by the e-pharmacy registration holder as record, the draft notification said. However, sale of tranquillisers, psychotropic drugs, narcotics and habit forming drugs have been prohibited through these portals. PTI




Actors Farhan Akhtar, the first to come and voiced his support for Tanushree Dutta


MUMBAI: Actors Farhan Akhtar, the first to come and voiced his support for Tanushree Dutta, who has accused Nana Patekar of misbehaving with her.
Lending his support to the actor, Farhan said that her intention should not be questioned. “Even when #TanushreeDutta had career concerns to keep quiet 10 years ago she did not and her story hasn’t changed now. Her courage should be admired, not her intention questioned,” he tweeted.

Priyanka Chopra, Richa Chadha, Swara Bhasker, Twinkle Khanna also came out in support of the former Miss India Universe.

Actor Swara Bhasker is also among the first three celebrities to speak up for Tanushree.
Masaan actor Richa Chadha said that what happened to Tanushree “on set was intimidation.”

In an interview with ANI, the ‘Aashiq Banaya Aapne’ actor, on Wednesday, claimed, “He was being aggressive and was pushing me around. I complained about him, but it was not heard. They (film crew) were forcing me to do an intimate step. My contract stated that it was a solo dance sequence, and it was not supposed to be a duet. It was a way to manipulate me. This was the whole harassment situation going on.”

Tanushree further alleged that she and her family were attacked after she refused to perform the intimate step. She also asserted that before she and her family could reach out to the police to file a case, the film crew had filed a counter FIR.




UN Human Rights Council voted criminal indictments over atrocities committed in Myanmar


Geneva: The UN Human Rights Council voted Thursday to set up a panel to prepare criminal indictments over atrocities committed in Myanmar, amid allegations of genocide against the Rohingya minority.
The top UN rights body voted to “establish an ongoing independent mechanism to collect, consolidate, preserve and analyse evidence of the most serious international crimes and violations of international law committed in Myanmar since 2011”.

The text, a collaboration between the European Union and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), says the panel will be responsible for preparing files “in order to facilitate and expedite fair and independent criminal proceedings… in national, regional or international courts or tribunals”.

Thirty-five of the council’s 47 members voted in favour of the resolution and only three — China, the Philippines and Burundi — voted against.

The remainder either abstained or refrained from casting a vote.

The council’s decision, which was immediately hailed by Amnesty, Human Rights Watch and other rights groups, will go to the UN General Assembly in New York for final approval.

The text was presented after a damning report was released to the council earlier this month, outlining in meticulous and searing detail atrocities against the Rohingya, who fled a violent military campaign that started in August last year.

– ‘Categorically’ rejected –
The UN report also spoke of “crimes against humanity and war crimes” against other minorities in the northern Kachin and Shan States.

But Myanmar’s representative Kyaw Moe Tun told the council the report lacked “balance, impartiality and fairness”, and said his government “categorically rejects” the resolution.

The 444-page report by a UN fact-finding mission concluded there was enough evidence to merit investigation and prosecution of Myanmar’s army chief and five other top military commanders for crimes against humanity and genocide against the Rohingya.

Myanmar’s powerful army chief Min Aung Hlaing this week insisted the United Nations had no right to interfere in his country’s sovereignty.

Troops, sometimes aided by ethnic Rakhine mobs, committed murder, rape, arson and torture, using unfathomable levels of violence and with a total disregard for human life, investigators concluded.

More than 700,000 of the stateless Muslim minority took refuge in Bangladesh, where they remain — fearful of returning to mainly Buddhist Myanmar despite a repatriation deal.

The military has denied nearly all wrongdoing, justifying its crackdown as a legitimate means of rooting out Rohingya militants.

The UN and rights groups say the operations were vastly disproportionate and a troop build-up in the area occurred before insurgents attacked police posts in August 2017.

The campaign against the Rohingya has especially tarnished the international reputation of Aung San Suu Kyi, the long-detained democracy advocate and Nobel laureate who has been reticent in addressing the violence.

Her democratically-elected government remains in a delicate power balance with the generals, whose presence in parliament gives them an effective veto on constitutional changes.

– ‘Atrocities may continue’ –
Presenting Thursday’s resolution to the council on behalf of the OIC, Pakistan’s ambassador Farukh Amil said the situation in Myanmar was a “grave tragedy that merited an exceptional and robust response from the international community”.

Austria’s ambassador Elisabeth Tichy-Fisslberger, speaking on behalf of the EU, said “unless impunity is urgently addressed, similar outbreaks of violence and atrocities may continue with further devastating domestic and regional impact”.

The International Criminal Court in The Hague independently ruled that it had jurisdiction to open a preliminary investigation, even though the country has not signed the treaty underpinning the tribunal.

Thursday’s text took note of the ICC ruling, and requested “the mechanism to cooperate closely with any of its future investigations pertaining to human rights in Myanmar”.

It also said the UN fact-finding mission’s mandate should be extended until the new mechanism is operational.

Thursday’s decision marks the first time the Rights Council has itself opted to create such a mechanism.

A similar panel was created in 2016 to build cases for the prosecution of war crimes in Syria, but it was set up following a General Assembly vote.

SOURCE: AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE




BJP MLA Sangeet Som escapes attack, unidentified assailants open fire, lob grenade on his residence


Meerut: Unidentified miscreants opened fire and hurled a hand grenade on the Meerut residence of BJP MLA Sangeet Som, who is an accused in the Muzaffarnagar riots case, in the early hours of Thursday, police said.

Nobody was injured in the attack that took place at around 1 am on the Sardhana MLA’s residence in the Lalkurti area here, they said, adding that the hand grenade, however, did not go off. The miscreants arrived in a four-wheeler and opened indiscriminate firing on the residence minutes after the legislator had returned home, officials said.

The identity of the accused and the reason behind the attack were unknown, Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) Akhilesh Kumar said, adding that an investigation was launched in this connection.

“The residence of MLA Sangeet Som was attacked by unidentified miscreants. They came in a car and opened fire on the house. They hurled a grenade before fleeing, which has been found. The unpinned grenade has been found and it appears to be old. A team of experts is conducting an investigation,” he said.

The SSP said preliminary investigation did not suggest that it was an act of terror.

Soon after the attack, SSP Kumar, SSP Satpal, Superintendent of Police (City) Ranvijya Singh, Intelligence Bureau officials, bomb disposal squad and other top officials of the administration and the police reached the spot.

Som, who has a Z-category security cover, said he had no idea who was behind the attack. “Neither did I receive any threat nor had any dispute with anyone in the recent times,” he said.

The legislator is accused of inciting violence and riots in Muzaffarnagar in 2013.

by agency




Cops forced to file a rape case, says woman for befriending Muslim


MEERUT: A day after video showing police personnel, including a woman constable abusing and slapping a 20-year-old Hindu woman for befriending Muslim went viral, the girl said she said that the cops pressurized her to file a false rape case against her friend.
Speaking to Times OF India, she told to have gone to her friend’s rented house in Jagriti Vihar just to exchange class notes.
Narrating her ordeal, the female nursing student said, “While I was waiting at the police station for my family to arrive, cops forced me to file a rape case against my friend. They told me that they would let me walk free only if I listened to them. Later, the policemen gave the same advice to my family.”

On the day of the incident, VHP activists suddenly allegedly barged and dragged the Muslim youth out of the house and locked the door from outside, leaving the girl shocked and terrified.

“Later police arrived and took my friend and me to the station in two separate vans behaved so badly with me and my friend. They also used filthy language to address me,” the girl said.
In the video, which went viral on social media, the police personnel including a female constable first grilled about her whereabouts and used harsh language on the woman asking her why she befriended a Muslim.

“Mullah zyada pasand aaraha?” (Are you finding Muslims better?), and also resorting to physical violence.
The video has caused widespread criticism among Twitter verse, who has lambasted the police for their remarks and misbehavior with the woman.

Three police personnel includes head constable Salek Chand, constable Neetu Singh and a woman constable Priyanka have been suspended after a video of the incident went viral.
A home guard is likely to be suspended too.

AGENCYS





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