On the right track


Tennis player Prajnesh Gunneswaran took the help of Netherlands Olympic coach Christian Bosse to sort out his injury and recovery issues

A couple of years ago, tennis player Prajnesh Gunneswaran was not a big name on the Indian circuit. Injuries had gotten the better of him, and his career was in a state of hibernation. It was time to bring in the experts.

Gunneswaran called on strength and conditioning coach, Christian Bosse. The two had crossed paths at a camp held at the KSLTA Stadium in Bengaluru, nearly 10 years ago. Bosse, the Netherlands National Olympic Committee strength and conditioning coach, accepted the assignment. Bosse recalls his first impressions. “Gunneswaran had a lot of trouble with injuries and recovery. He was unable to play a full season of tournaments as a result of this. We had to find out why this was happening, and how to correct it.”

The Dutchman decided that his ward had to work on his strength, power and endurance. “We also drew up his tournament schedule, daily fitness routines and rest periods. All these aspects are vital for injury prevention. We have been together for about 18 months now,” he says.

The results began to show. Gunneswaran went through an injury-free 2016 season, where he competed in 19 tournaments. He also earned successive call-ups to the Indian Davis Cup squad. The southpaw won the first singles rubber against Uzbekistan in his most recent Davis Cup outing (earlier this month), helping India earn a World Group play-off spot. Gunneswaran is all praise for Bosse. “He is extremely good. I’m in constant touch with Bosse, and I’ve been getting my training plans from him. He has me on the right track when it comes to fitness,” the 27-year-old Gunneswaran says.

Bosse has been visiting Indian cities to conduct workshops. Through his company, Incrato European Fitness Academy, he aims to guide coaches. “We want coaches to understand the basics of strength and conditioning, and how it can be used to cater to an individual’s requirements. Strength, speed, stamina, endurance and flexibility — these qualities are common to all sports. But it is vital to know how to maximise the effect of these qualities,” Bosse says.

When he is not involved in workshops, Bosse is busy with Olympic athletes in Netherlands. He worked closely with three medals winners at the 2016 Rio Olympics - Elis Ligtlee (gold in women’s keirin cycling), Matthijs Buchli (silver in men’s keirin cycling) and Jelle van Gorkom (silver in BMX). “The first two years after the Olympics games is spent in trying out new techniques and modules. We then pick a routine, and we don’t tinker with it in the two years leading up to the next Olympics,” he says.




Q & A


What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome? What is your recommendation for it?

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a compression of the median nerve at the wrist, commonly seen in people using a computer or a laptop. If the cause is identified before the pain becomes severe, it is possible to reduce the symptoms of burning in the fingers, tingling and numbness. By releasing the myofascial (tissue) trigger points in the muscles of the forearms and preventing the wrist being lower than the elbow, the problem, caught at an early stage, can be tackled. When the wrist is at a lower level, it can also cause lymph stasis and swelling within the carpal tunnel. Appropriate stretching exercises for forearm muscles can prevent and manage the problem.

What is the difference between strength and power? As a long-distance runner, must I develop power?

Strength is an absolute requirement for health, because basic movements need strength. Power is a skill-related fitness parameter — those involved in a sprint or jump or an explosive movement require power. You have to develop your strength before you can develop power. If two individuals do push-ups and end up doing the same number, both are strong, but the one who takes less time to complete is powerful. To hold the racquet requires strength, but to hit the ball requires power. To carry the shot requires strength, but to putt it requires power.

Can exercise enhance learning, especially during preparation for exams?

The duration, intensity and frequency of exercise and prior experience of the individual with exercise are vital to enhance learning. Mild to moderate intensity of exercise for a period of 20 to 30 minutes (mild cardio), and moderate strength training with intense stretching to counter the ill-effects of prolonged sitting would optimally relax the brain, and you will reap the benefits of learning in a shorter time. Avoid strenuous exercise that may deplete the brain of its nutritional resources.

Can exercise alone cure back pain?

The diagnosis for back pain is a challenge in itself because the causes run to pages. So, it is important to detect the cause first by visiting a doctor, who will take a detailed history, do a clinical examination, and, if necessary, suggest an investigation. Once the cause is identified, the right course of action will be suggested, either as therapy or as rehabilitation. If the pain is severe, it may be difficult to continue exercising or start on a rehabilitation programme immediately. The pain has to be reduced by at least 60-70% before you begin any exercise programme. It is best to let the doctor guide you with physiotherapy exercises, as these are customised to individual needs.

Kannan Pugazhendi is a renowned sports physician and fitness consultant with over two decades of experience. www.sparrcinstitute.com




What to opt for? Ayurveda, Allopathy or Homeopathy?


By : ANI

We have always been in a dilemma in choosing the best treatment among these three- Allopathy, Ayurveda or Homeopathy. All your questions have been answered here. 

Dr Pankaj Aggarwal, senior homeopathy physician, says, "Homeopathy is way considered best when it comes to safe and sound treatment as it is devoid of any kind side effects or after as in allopath and indulges in to the recovery of the disease or ailment as in Ayurveda where you need many sessions to cure the disease.

Though they all do the same job to eliminating the root cause of the disease but Homeopathy heals with ease and eliminates other root causes to make to fit and healthy."

Image result for HOMEOPATHY

The duration course is more than the allopath treatment, but less than the Ayurveda as there are certain exercising and healing sessions, meditation and dosage of natural herbs to cure the diseases, which might take time as every natural remedy is not available at one place.

Every individual respond in a different manner to different medicines and treatments. This uniqueness of the symptoms and reactions brings in the difference in the remedy prescribed to each one of them.

Whereas, in allopath the concept to treat the disease with the help of drugs, in Ayurveda healing is facilitated with the amalgamation of five elements of nature and in homeopathy the objective is to bring about a change in human body to make it responds in a better way to get the system right in place.

Homeopathy Vs. Allopathy & Ayurveda  

Ayurveda is very much into healing that particular body part for say and allopath also do the same but comes with various side effects and risk of reactions to other parts of the body. But homeopathy is considered completely safe as it does not react in a other way to the body, instead helps to examine the past ailments and new developments in the body with proper and regular dosage of the drug prescribed.

"Homeopathy is medium through which one definitely gets rid of all their disease with a promise to not occur again in life as its main objective to eliminate the root cause and help a person cure in much better way with no painful injections and running to the doctor at every now and then," Dr Aggarwal added.




Eating fatty foods may cut heart attack damage in short run only


March 01:
It is well known that in the long run, eating fatty foods is bad for you and can increase your risk of having a stroke or heart attack, but as per a new study, a high-fat diet may actually be beneficial to your health and help to reduce heart attack damage.

W. Keith Jones of Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine said that the study improves the understanding of the relationship between diet and health, adding learning about how fat, in the short run, protects against heart attacks could help in the development of better therapies

The study, which is not a license to eat a lot of cheeseburgers and ice cream, may provide new insight into the "obesity paradox": Obesity is a major risk factor for heart disease, but once a heart attack or heart failure does occur, moderately obese patients tend to live longer.

In the study, mice were given a high-fat diet (60 percent of calories from animal fat) before experiencing heart attacks. Mice that consumed a high-fat diet for either one day, one week or two weeks before the heart attack experienced about half as much heart damage as mice that ate a control diet. The benefit was greatest among mice that ate a high-fat diet for one week before the heart attack.

But in mice that ate a high-fat diet for six weeks, the protective effect disappeared. Further research is needed to understand why this is so; the reason may be due to the bad effects of a persistent high-fat diet, said Jones.

Proteins damaged by the heart attack are removed from heart cells as if they were garbage, thus increasing the chances the cells will survive. Acutely, a high-fat diet increases levels of a molecule in the blood that activates protective pathways in heart muscle. This increases the readiness of the "garbage trucks," which means that the cell becomes resistant to damage when the heart attack occurs as a result, more heart muscle survives.

First author Lauren Haar added that the study opens a new perspective on the acute effects of a high-fat diet and future work will determine whether these effects are linked to the obesity paradox and whether studying the mechanism can identify therapeutic targets for cardioprotection.

The study appears in the American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. (ANI)




Girl Fights Rare Case of Breast Cancer at Age 8


An 8-year-old Utah girl was diagnosed earlier this month with secretory breast carcinoma, a rare form of breast cancer.

According to a report in the Pediatric Surgery International Journal, secretory breast carcinoma is extremely rare. It accounts for less than 1 percent of all breast cancer cases.

Chrissy's mother, Annette Turner told ABC News that it was Chrissy who first found the tumor.

“She came to us on a Sunday afternoon, she said, ‘Mommy I have been scared and I have this lump,'" Turner recounted to ABC News. “It had been there for a while.”

So, "I was in shock," Chrissy's mother Annette Turner explained about her daughter's Nov. 9th diagnosis. "No child should ever have to go through cancer," she added.

Prior to this, Annette Turner was diagnosed with cervical cancer and her husband was diagnosed with non-Hodgikins lymphoma.

“My heart and thoughts are on my daughter and having her get better,” Turner said to ABC News.

"I was kind of scared to kind of figure out what it was," Chrissy told ABC News.

Although rare, doctors at the Primary Children's Hospital in Salt Lake City said they are confident that it can be removed.

"It is very treatable," said Chrissy's physician Dr. Brian Bucher, at Primary Children's Hospital. "Chrissy will need to undergo a simple mastectomy...to remove all the remaining breast tissue to prevent this cancer from coming back."

The family is currently raising money online to help fund treatment for Chrissy.




Tonsils removal offers relief from sore throats


London : Adults suffering from frequent sore throats might find relief by having their tonsils surgically removed, new research has found, reports IANS.

In the study, people undergoing tonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils) were found to have fewer cases of sore throat, fewer missed working days and an improved quality of life. Gotz Senska from Marienhospital in Gelsenkirchen, Germany and co-authors analysed the long term effects of tonsillectomy based on patient surveys.

The study, published in the journal Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, involved 114 adults who underwent tonsillectomy in 2004. They filled in several questionnaires, first before surgery and then again at 14 months and then seven years after surgery, with questions about their sore throat incidences and their quality of life.

Comparing their answers over time revealed that participants suffered a sore throat almost ten times a year prior to surgery but only about twice a year after it. Similarly, after tonsillectomy, the participants’ doctor visits dropped from an average of about five times a year to less than once a year.

Work absences due to illness were also reduced on average from more than eleven days per year to less than two after surgery. Importantly, the authors also showed that the participants’ quality of life – their general well being, their social relationships and their physical health – improved after surgery.

Based on these results, the authors concluded that people with recurrent sore throats who undergo a tonsillectomy would experience long term health improvements, require less medication and have a higher life satisfaction.




Medical marijuana may treat migraine


New York : Marijuana can be used to effectively treat people suffering from migraine headaches, new research has found, according to IANS.

In the study, patients diagnosed with migraine headaches saw a significant drop in their frequency when treated with medical marijuana. The study, published in the journal Pharmacotherapy, examined patients diagnosed with migraines and treated with medical marijuana between 2010-2014.

It found the frequency of migraines dropped from 10.4 to 4.6 headaches per month, a number considered statistically and clinically significant. Of the 121 patients studied, 103 reported a decrease in monthly migraines while 15 reported the same number and three saw an increase in migraines.

“There was a substantial improvement for patients in their ability to function and feel better,” said the study’s senior author Laura Borgelt from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in the US.

“Like any drug, marijuana has potential benefits and potential risks. It is important for people to be aware that using medical marijuana can also have adverse effects,” Borgelt cautioned.

Borgelt said cannabinoid receptors can be found throughout the body, including the brain, connective tissues and immune system. And they appear to have anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. Cannabinoids are a group of active compounds found in marijuana.

These cannabinoids also seem to affect critical neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine. “We believe serotonin plays a role in migraine headaches, but we are still working to discover the exact role of cannabinoids in this condition,” Borgelt said.

The study is one of the first to reveal a drop in migraine frequency due to medical marijuana. Borgelt said the results were quite remarkable but stressed the need for more controlled studies in the future.




The Nature of Material Substances


(I)   Madhura rasa (Sweet taste)

Madhura Rasa (Sweet Taste)

Increases – Kapha (except honey)

Decreases – Pitta Vata

Yet, despite its beneficial and favourable qualities, an excess of sweet taste causes an increase in the Kapha dosa. As a result Kapha dominant problems such as obesity, drowsiness, lethargy, excessive sleep, heaviness, lack of appetite, weak digestion, accumulation of fat around the neck and face, sweetish taste in the mouth, lack of sensation, weak voice and ailments such as diabetes, urinary disorders, dysuria, cough, cold, influenza, goitre, scrofula (enlarged cervical glands), swelling and stickiness in the throat and conjunctivitis are easily contracted. Therefore obese and overweight people, diabetics and those having abdominal worm infestation must refrain from consuming sweet products.

Sweet substances: Ghee (clarified butter), milk, sugarcane, jaggery, honey, grapes, walnuts, bananas, coconuts, phalsa, jack fruit, asparagus (satavari), roscoea’s lily (kakoli), country mallow (bald), Indian mallow (atibala), veronicalolia (nagabala), King Solomon’s seal (mahameda), whorled Solomon’s seal (meda), ticktree (salaparni), dabra (prsniparm), African gram (mudgaparm), blue wiss (masaparni), leptadave (jivanti), malaxis (Jivaka), honey tree (mahuva), liquorice root (mulethi), Indian kudzu (vidari), bamboo (vamsalocana), coomb teak (gambhari), caltrope (gokharu) and gold are all sweet substances.
Exceptions: Old unpolished rice, old barley, wheat, green gram and honey though sweet, do not cause Kapha vitiation. Hence it is prescribed in Ayurveda to consume old grains and new (fresh) ghee.
(II) Amla rasa (Sour taste)

The taste that causes salivation, the eyes and eyebrows to pucker and the teeth and gums to tingle is the sour taste(4). It adds taste to the food and makes food interesting. It stimulates appetite and is cool to feel. Sour foods nourish the body, strengthen and make it sturdy, make the brain more active, fortify and strengthen the heart, strengthen the sensory organs and energize the body. The juices of sour food substances boost digestion by chymification, helps one to swallow food, soften it and hasten the downward movement towards the intestine for further assimilation. Sour foods are smooth, hot in potency, refreshing, light (easy to digest), helps in cleaning of bladder and colon and hastens waste elimination. Unripe fruits generally have a sour taste.

Amla Rasa (Sour Taste)

Increases – Pitta and Kapha

Decreases – Vata

The excess consumption of amla rasa (sour taste) increases Pitta in the body with symptoms like excessive thirst, horripilation, sensitivity in teeth, loosening of Kapha, damaged muscles, body-swelling in weak persons, weakness, feebleness, emaciation, laxity, itching, darkness before the eyes (blackouts), dizziness (vertigo), fever, burning sensation in the throat, heart and chest. It also results in dermatological diseases (erysipelas, eruptions and such other diseases), pus formation in cuts and wounds, trauma and fractures or dislocation of bones and other related disorders. Therefore, people suffering from skin diseases, trauma, bronchial asthma, cough, sore throat (pharyngitis) and joint pain should avoid sour foods. Feeble and emaciated persons and those whose diet lacks oily products should also consume sour foods in restricted amounts.

Substances with a sour taste: Indian gooseberry, vinegar, tamarind, lemon, star fruit (carambola), cranberry, mango, pomegranate, yogurt, buttermilk, wood apple, garcinia, Indian hog plum and silver.
Exceptions: Pomegranate or dried pomegranate seeds and Indian gooseberry though sour, arc not harmful.
(III) Lavana rasa (Salty taste)

The taste that causes salivation and a burning sensation in the throat and cheeks is the salty taste. Saline foods are carminative (carry Vata downward), digestive, enhances taste, causes stickiness, helps to develop an interest in food, are pungent and scarifying. They reduce stiffness in the organs, accumulation of fat and excretory products and blockages in the srota. Saline foods are neither very oily nor very hot or heavy. Salty taste dominates other tastes and tends to overpower them.

Ayurveda-The Body and its Vital Forces
 Lavana Rasa (Salty Taste)

Increases – Pitta and Kapha

Decreases – Vata

Excessive salinity or overuse of this rasa vitiates both Pitta dosa and the blood, leading to increased thirst and heat sensitivity. It also causes a burning sensation, syncope, decrease in rakta and other dhatus, suppuration of the eyes, edema, discoloration of the skin, hemorrhage (bleeding) from different body parts, weakening of gums and loosening of teeth, increased toxicity, decreased virility, baldness, graying of hair, wrinkles, hyperacidity, delayed wound healing and reduction of strength and ojas. It may also cause stomatitis (mouth ulcers), gout, erysipelas, ringworm and diseases of infected skin (leprosy and other severe dermatological diseases). Salt is considered incompatible for the eyes. Salt should not be taken by hypertensive patients and one suffering from dermatological diseases.

Salty substances: Rock salt (sea salt), common salt (table salt), sancala salt, sauvarcala salt (black salt), audbhida salt (salt derived from the earth), parhsu salt, bida salt, lead salt (.viva), romaka salt and other alkalies.
Exception: Rock salt does not cause much harm.
(iv) Katu rasa (Pungent taste)

This taste causes a stinging pain in the mouth, stimulates the front of the tongue, causes burning in the cheeks and watering of the eyes, nose and mouth. Pungent substances cleanse the mouth, aid absorption of food, boost hunger and promote digestion. They clean and improve the efficiency of sense organs, dispose of sticky waste products from the eyes, nose and xrota more effectively and promote sweating. Hence, pungent foods and herbs help to keep the srotas of anna, rasa and blood vessels clear and open.

Katu Rasa (Pungent Taste)

Increases – Vata and Pitta

Decreases – Kapha

The pungent taste helps to manage obesity, urticaria, hives, conjunctivitis, eye fatigue, itching, wounds, sores, abdominal worm infestation, alasaka (retention of undigested food in the abdomen), stiffness in joints, throat infection, dermatitis and bronchial asthma. It dries and putrefies oil, fat, muscles and moisture. It pacifies Kapha and helps circulate sluggish (viscous) blood. It improves the taste of food.

Excess of such substances with pungent taste leads to dizziness, anxiety, syncope, dryness of lips and palate, fatigue, debility, reduced virility, decrease in sperm count and strength. Being dominated by air and fire elements, excessive intake leads to burning in limbs and back, increased body temperature, body aches, stinging and smarting pain, shivering and other debilities.

Substances with a pungent taste: Asafoetida, black pepper, false pepper, Pancakola (long pepper and its root, Java long pepper, white leadwort and dry ginger), green leafy vegetables, marking nut, all kinds of bile and urine as prescribed in Ayurveda.
Exceptions: Dry ginger, long pepper and garlic are safe foods with pungent taste and do not cause much harm.
(Excerpted from the book: ‘A Practical Approach To The Science of Ayurveda: A Comprehensive Guide For Healthy Living’authored by Acharya Balkrishna)




Mothers BP can predict sex of child even before conceiving


Washington: Does blood pressure and sex of child have anything in common?

For mommies-to-be! Scientists, including an Indian-origin researcher, have revealed that woman’s blood pressure before she gets pregnant could affect whether she has a boy or a girl.

The study was published in the journal of American Journal of Hypertension.

Researchers from Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto found that those with lower blood pressure tended to have a girl, while higher blood pressure was an indication that a boy was more likely to be conceived.

“A woman’s blood pressure before pregnancy is a previously unrecognised factor that is associated with her likelihood of delivering a boy or a girl,” said a researcher Dr. Ravi Retnakaran.

“This novel insight may hold implications for both reproductive planning and our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying the sex ratio in humans,” he said.

The team studied a group of women from Liuyang in China who were planning to get pregnant.

Their blood pressure was tested before and after conception and other factors, such as age, whether they smoked, weight and cholesterol, were also taken into account.

The results indicated that 1,411 mothers had given birth to 739 boys and 672 girls.

the findings indicate that those who had a female child had an average systolic blood pressure of 103.3mmHg before pregnancy, while for mothers of males the figure was 106, about 2.6 per cent higher.

Fundamental biology means there is generally a 50/50 split in the sex ratio, although in humans there is a slight bias towards males. This is seen as nature’s way of balancing out their slightly higher risk of premature death.

But various methods of influencing the outcome have been suggested over the ages.

In 2009, a scientific study found that being closer to the equator meant a baby girl was more likely. (ANI)




Too much of everyday stress can put your heart at risk!


New Delhi: Taking unnecessary stress at workplace or at home can put your heart at risk. According to the team from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, heightened activity in the amygdala — a region of the brain involved in stress — can lead to cardiovascular disease in humans apart from established causes like smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes.

Previous research has also shown that the amygdala is more active in people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression but before this study, no research had identified the region of the brain that links stress to the risk of heart attack and stroke.

“Our results provide a unique insight into how stress may lead to cardiovascular disease. This raises the possibility that reducing stress could produce benefits that extend beyond an improved sense of psychological wellbeing,” said lead author Dr Ahmed Tawakol from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

Eventually, chronic stress could be treated as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which is routinely screened for and effectively managed like other major risk factors, Dr Tawakol added in a paper published in the prestigious journal The Lancet.

(With IANS inputs)




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